Puspitasari, Benedekta Noviana


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa,, (41), 2017.

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 Textiles and clothing industries are one of the main export commodities for Indonesia. As one of textiles and clothing products exporter, Indonesia views that world trade as an open opportunity for export of textile products. Senegal in West Africa is one of the countries that have interest in Indonesian textile products. Textile products are also one of the main sectors of Senegalese import goods. Indonesian-made garment products can be easily found in stores at Sandaga garment trade center in Dakar that purchased from Indonesia. According to the companies that have business to Senegal said that the country is the safest and the most conducive area to develop business in West Africa and Sub-Sahara. This opportunity can be used by Indonesia to enter the markets of countries in West Africa. Through the Senegalese market, Indonesian products can also enter the market in other parts of West Africa. The opportunity to increase exports to Senegal is one of the strategies to improve bilateral relations between the two countries.
This research aims to explain and analyze the influence of exporting textile and clothing products to Senegal in the development of bilateral relations, as well as cooperation between Indonesia and Senegal. While to explain the subject of this study, this research will use the paradigm of liberalism and research methods of descriptive qualitative. The results of this study conclude that the export of Indonesian textile and clothing products to Senegal has contributed to introduce the name of Indonesia to the Senegalese society, so that it can facilitate Indonesian products for the Senegalese market and followed by cooperation in various sectors.

Keywords: exports, textiles and textile products, bilateral relations, Indonesia and Senegal

Arisanova, Mentari Dhea


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (40), 2017.

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 Since 2007, the Government of Indonesia and the Government of Japan have agreed to conduct bilateral cooperation through strategic partnership in the Indonesia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (IJEPA) and officially started to be implemented in both countries in 2008. At that time, Indonesia experienced a demographic of surplus labor by nurses, which encourages the Government of Indonesia to request possibility for sending Indonesian nurses to work in Japan as foreign policy when the negotiations of IJEPA, so that at the implementation of IJEPA there is a G to G program to Japan for Indonesian nurses.
This research uses a qualitative approach with literature study and interview as the technique of the data collection. Data analysis draws on qualitative analysis consisted of multiple steps such as data collection, data reduction, data displays, and conclusion drawing. The conceptual framework of this research departs from the demographic condition of Indonesia is experiencing the surplus labor of nurses, an analysis of Indonesia’s foreign policy related delivery nurses to Japan, the results of the implementation of IJEPA are the dynamics of delivery nurse Indonesia to Japan 2008-2013 and the improvement of competitiveness of Indonesian nurses until the evaluation of the implementation of the IJEPA in the concept of strategic partnership for Indonesia.
The results show that the implementation of IJEPA through G to G program to Japan for Indonesia nurses seems to be one of the best solutions for reducing the number of surplus nurses in Indonesia for a while, but in the long term when the nurses failed to pass the National Japanese Exam and couldn’t extend their employment contract in Japan, therefore it will be a problem when they have to enter in the employment market of Indonesia again. In addition, some barriers such as the difference in nursing education in Indonesia and the difficulty of Japanese language and there is not a mechanism for the transfer of science by the Government of Indonesia from returnee/ex-IJEPA nurses who returned to Indonesia, then it is able to be said that the strategic partnership between Indonesia and Japan hasn’t yet impacted fully for the construction of the nursing field in Indonesia.

Keywords: Improvement of Competitiveness, Nursing Field, Strategic Partnership, IJEPA.

Nugroho, Rizqi Agung


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa,, (39), 2017.

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 Angola immediately entered the period of civil war after independence from the Portuguese. The government’s strategy in dealing with the civil war that broke out in Angola for 27 years, this is the main topics examined in this study. Angola government’s strategy is being examined from the third party involvement and military approach.This research uses a qualitative approach with literature study and interview via email. Data analysis draws on qualitative analysis consisted of multiple steps such as data reduction, analysis, data presentation, and then drawing conclusions. The framework of this research is based on analysis of ethnic institutionalization, the commencement of rebellion, and using conflict resolution theory by Dean G. Pruitt. The results of this research shows that the beginning of conflict is based on the ‘gap’ between ethnic groups that is not followed with the process of power sharing. Thus, the conflict becomes more severe. In addition, the foreign powers that sponsor two conflicting parties extend the course of the conflict. Humanitarian interventions from the UN also failed to bring together MPLA and UNITA. But after UNITA committed a mistake MPLA managed to exploit it. The MPLA also gained additional legitimacy from the international community. Finally, the MPLA changed its strategy to end the civil war to ‘peace through war’ and continued to press UNITA until it signed a peace agreement. So, it can be concluded that the involvement of third parties adds the dynamics of civil war and MPLA policy to launch military action against UNITA succeed to actualize ‘peace’.

Keywords: Civil War, MPLA, UNITA, Third-party Involvement, Power-sharing, Conflict Resolution.

Fawzia, Nurul


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (38), 2017.

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 The threat of global warming become international concern, especially to the industrialized nations that instantly become the world’s largest contributors to greenhouse gases. In response to the problem, world nations established an international agreement, the Kyoto Protocol, as a commitment to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. However, the United States as a major advanced industrial country with the highest emission level at that time refused to ratify the Kyoto Protocol on the grounds of economic interests and the absence of participation from developing countries.
To prove U.S. grounds as a rational policy, in this study the analysis will focus on: 1) The
reasons for the United States’ refusal to ratify the Kyoto Protocol; 2) The effect of Kyoto protocol implementation on the needs of domestic industry; and 3) US emission reduction efforts through emission trading mechanisms. In answering the problem, this research use the concept of Policy, the concept of Unilateralism and the concept of Transnational Coalition to give a comprehensive analysis of the political approaches that occur during the policy-making process. Then in explaining the linkage between economic activity and the effort of environmental conservation, this research use Green Political theory. In the end, the author will conclude an objective assessment of the Kyoto Protocol’s rejection by the United States government during the George W. Bush administration.

Keywords: Kyoto Protocol, Emission Trading, United States, Transnational Coalition

Wijaya, Abyan Ardan


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (37), 2017.

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 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia post Arab Spring (2010-2016) have many strong and unpredictable policies. After Saudi Arabia able to accommodate condition at the Day of Rage, Saudi’s is invading Yemen after evacuating president Hadi to Riyadh . ISIS that became a threat in the north also become one of interest in the Saudi Arabia decision making. This kingdom together with Sunni countries cooperating to fight terrorism, giving birth to one of its agenda northern thunder . All of that policies are important policies that need to be made to keep identity, stability, and Saudi legality, that’s what become main topic in this research. This research is using qualitative approach, with data collecting method using library research as primary data, and using interview and present in public lectures from Saudi graduated Doctorate as supportive data. For analyzing data writer using data splitting, data serving, and conclusion. This research design is based on identity construction with Alexander Wendt Constructivism, reference to Saudi citizen and values from Saudi citizen identity.
The result showed that Saudi Arabia has a state identity construction based on the Quran and Sunnah (tradition) of the Prophet peace be upon him, that emphasis on the purity of islam. This value become the concept was brought to the Saudi society and its head. The influence of the ulema is very great, because the Saudis had a strong relations between the ruler and the ulema. The Value and influence of ulema brought decision making was taken from domestic level until international level. These concepts include amar ma’ruf nahi mungkar and manhaj salaf. ( the way of salaf as-shalih, which is referred to first generation of islam). Both of these concepts are used to address contemporary issues such as political turmoil and terror in the Middle East. Finally, the output of all of that is a bold policy innovations such as the Vision 2030 with an independent step and also there is a figure known as Mr. Everything, Muhammad ibn Salman as the representation of the Saudi society, which is young, energetic, dynamic, and well educated.

Keywords: Arab Spring, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Identity, Constructivism, National Interest, Amar Ma’ruf Nahi Mungkar, Manhaj Salaf.

Cleverina, Aditya Very


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (36), 2017.

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 The United States is one of the super power states in the Asia Pacific region that experienced the Subprime Mortgage crisis in 2008. This is the main reason for the shift in the direction of economic trade policy of America to Asia (Pivot to Asia) as a way to accelerate post-crisis recovery. America believes Asia is a rapidly growing region that prompted the United States to balance Asia’s growth, making its key partner in Rebalance towards Asia strategy. This strategy was implemented one of them by joining the United States into Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) in 2009. The beginning of the TPP was the initiation of the four APEC member countries which was later named P4. Since joining, during the period of 2009 – 2016 the United States continues to work in negotiations both within and among the twelve member countries of TPP. As the newest 21st century trade agreement, TPP is turned into the most comprehensive and up-to-date trading agreement
This research aims to explain and analyze the rationality of the United States in its membership in the TPP as a manifestation of the strategy Rebalance towards Asia. Meanwhile, to explain the subject of this study, this research will use the concept of interest method with neoliberalism and regionalism as perspective in descriptive qualitative research. As a result of this study, it is concluded that US rationalities in TPP is to be able to form a closer synergy among Asia-Pacific countries by highlighting the similarity of economic interests. In addition, the ability of the United States to negotiate can bring some benefits to the United States within TPP membership

Keywords: TPP, Rebalance towards Asia, Asia Pacific, United States.

Purwitasari, Diah Amalia


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (35), 2017.

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 The threat of environmental crisis has been a significant factors which push countries to enhance the awareness towards the sustainability of ecosystem. Many cooperation platforms in international level has been done to keep human from extinction, one of them is Stockholm Declaration. Issues raised focused on the implementation of the principles of the Stockholm Declaration on the Thai government environmental policies as one of the countries contributing to the international conference. Policies related to the environment are issued in “The National Tourism Development Plan” is an attempt to create a tourism sector that is consistent with environmental sustainability.
This research is a qualitative study using literature study and interviews as a method of data collection. Data analysis draws on qualitative analysis consisted of such as multiple steps of data collection, data reduction, the data displays, and conclusion drawing. The conceptual framework of this study consisted of green political theory, and the concept of sustainable development and eco-tourism.
The results of this study indicate the development of sustainable tourism in Thailand can reduce activities that can lead to changes in the environment that are damaging. It is strongly supported by the establishment of projects of agro-tourism in different areas with tourist activities that seek environmental preservation. This study strengthens the evidence that tourism can help preserve the environment for the survival of future generations. Attraction type agro-tourism can also raise local public awareness of Thailand to develop the potential of the area without causing environmental degradation.

Keywords: Environment, Stockholm Declaration, Sustainable Tourism, The National Tourism Development Plan, Ecotourism, Agro-tourism

Dary, Nida Hanin

PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA VENEZUELA DENGAN EXXON MOBIL, Studi Kasus Nasionalisasi Proyek Eksplorasi Minyak Cerro Negro di Orinoco Belt dalam Arbitrase International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) pada Tahun 2008-2011.

Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (34), 2017.

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 Venezuela’s state-owned oil company, Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA), commanded by the former Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez to nationalize the assets of foreign imperialist companies, especially to nationalize some project managements of crude oil owned by foreign company along the Orinoco Oil Belt in Venezuela. Exxon Mobil, a crude oil management company from the United States that was affected by this nationalization urged Venezuela to pay compensation for the losses they suffered. The company was held the Cerro Negro project in the Orinoco Oil Belt along with PDVSA. This study aims to analyze the process and the role of Venezuela (PDVSA) in the dispute settlement against Exxon Mobil over the Cerro Negro oil project as the result of the Venezuela nationalization policy. Meanwhile, the nationalization policy is considered as the main way to achieve Venezuela’s national interest in improving the Venezuelan people life quality and the sustainability of the constitution of the country.
The issues that is raised in this research is about how Venezuela handled over the dispute against Exxon Mobil related to the nationalization of Cerro Negro oil management project in the ICC arbitration. This study use causative explanatory writing method, theory of national interest in classical realism, the theory of negotiating principles for dispute resolution, and the concept of nationalization in order to analyze the case. The results of this study aims to show that the effort of dispute resolution performed by Venezuela through a third party in the arbitration, motivated by the aim to accomplish national interest in providing social-economy needs for the people, is able to win the dispute and push the achievement of the nationalization objective in order to improve the life quality of the Venezuelan people.

Keywords: Venezuela, nationalization, Exxon Mobil, national interest, dispute.

Prasetyo, Elian Manda

Analisis Sikap Pemerintah Jepang terhadap Sengketa Kepulauan Senkaku pada Masa Pemerintahan Shinzo Abe Periode Kedua.

Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (33), 2017.

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 The policy of the Japanese government under the leadership of Shinzo Abe the second period (2012-2015) to the Senkaku Islands dispute involving Japan’s bilateral relations with China a main topic in this study. This research uses a qualitative approach with literature study and interview as the technique of the data collection. Data analysis draws on qualitative analysis consisted of multiple steps such as data collection, data reduction, data displays, and conclusion drawing. The conceptual framework of this research departs from the analysis of policy’s formulation and implementation, national interest, Regional Security Complex theory, and the concepts of the Japanese minds.
The results showed that Prime Minister Shinzo Abe as the incumbent at this time dared to take controversial policy. The assessment does not only come from within the country, but the world spotlight also provides the same assessment of the Abe’s attitude. It is not independent of how Abe respond to the issue of disputed Senkaku Islands. Abe preferring to issue new policies compared to continue what has already been established. Some of the successful Abe’s decision to a policy that has been implemented, but much still do not become permanent policy because there is opposition from various parties. In keeping with its relationship with China, Abe still has the Japanese tradition of thought called hedataru to najimu, where Abe appreciated because of the distance between Japan and China should be maintained. His attitude thus make our bilateral relationship could interwoven despite the tension created by the disputes often experience ups and downs.

Keywords: Policy Analysis, Senkaku Islands Dispute, National Interest, Hedataru to Najimu

Brilliane., Ayudya Aroem


Jurnal Skripsi Mahasiswa, (32), 2017.

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 The Australian government’s policy toward the effort to reduce carbon emissions that cause global warming becomes the main topic examined in this research. The Australian government’s policy is being analyzed from the aspects of agenda setting policy and formulation policy. This research uses a qualitative approach with literature study, interview, and questionnaires as the technique of the data collection. Data analysis draws on qualitative analysis consisted of multiple steps such as data reduction, analysis, data presentation, and then drawing conclusions.The conceptual framework of this research departs from the analysis of agenda setting policy, formulation policy, and bureaucratic politics approach.
The result of this research shows that CPRS policy came to a failure at the stage of formulation policy because it was not passed by parliament, especially at the level of Senate that rejected it twice. While factor of the CPRS failure was economic issue that brought by the Liberal Party. If the CPRS passed into a policy that implemented in Australia, it will affect the Australian economy decline. Besides, implementation of the CPRS will cause multiple effects widely. So, it can be concluded CPRS that proposed by Kevin Rudd’s government is a boomerang for ALP because the workers who are the people who want to ALP protect it even affected the CPRS.

Keywords: .Policy Making Process, Australia’s Environmental Policy, Global Warming, Bureaucratic Politics Approach, Australian Labor Party